21.55.020 Design standards.
21.55.030 Parking in setback areas.
21.55.040 Construction standards.
21.55.050 Location of parking areas.
21.55.060 Off-site parking.
21.55.070 Joint use of off-street parking.
21.55.080 Use of required off-street parking spaces.
21.55.090 Required number of off-street parking spaces.
21.55.100 Homer Spit parking requirements.
21.55.110 Town Center parking requirements.
21.55.120 Loading areas—Required.
21.55.010 Purpose. The purpose of this chapter is to:
a. Promote public safety, convenience, comfort and welfare by establishing minimum standards for safe and efficient off-street vehicle parking, avoid unnecessary interference with the public use of streets, reduce traffic hazards and provide for safe traffic circulation, and
b. Differentiate parking requirements applicable to specific areas within the City.
c. Allow a reduction in the total number of parking spaces required when a mix of land uses have varying peak periods of parking demands. (Ord. 09-12(A), §3, 2009).
21.55.020 Design standards. Off-street parking required by this chapter shall conform to the design standards in this section.
a. Parking stall and aisle dimensions. Subject to the remainder of this subsection:
1. All parking stalls shall be at least 9 feet in width, and have an area of at least 171 square feet.
2. All parking stalls and aisles shall have the minimum dimensions shown in Figure 1.
See Attachment 21.55.020 figure 1
3. The city planner may permit the use of parking angles other than those shown in Figure 1 if necessary to provide the required number of Off-street parking spaces on a lot, and determine other dimensional requirements appropriate to the permitted parking angles.
4. The city planner shall determine all issues of the interpretation and application of the dimensional standards in Figure 1 with regard to a particular lot, considering the geometry of the lot and parking area, and the configuration of physical features on the lot.
a. All parking stalls and aisles shall be free of any obstruction that impedes their full use for their intended purpose. No wall, post, guardrail or other obstruction that would restrict car door opening shall be located within five feet of the centerline of a parking stall.
b. Except as this chapter permits otherwise, the entire parking lot, including parking stalls and aisles, shall be located on private property and not in any public right-of-way.
c. A parking lot shall have appropriate means of vehicular access to an adjoining street or alley, and adequate maneuvering area within the parking lot. Except for parking that serves only a single-family or duplex dwelling and parking in a setback area that is permitted under HCC 21.55.030, the parking lot shall be arranged so that all vehicle ingress to, and egress from, the parking lot is possible by forward motion, and turnaround areas approved by the city planner shall be provided within a parking lot if necessary to meet this requirement.
d. Each point of entry to a parking lot from a street or alley, or exit from a parking lot to a street or alley, shall meet the visibility clearance standards in HCC 21.73.200.
e. Cut-off luminaires shall be used in all parking lot lighting that is installed at a height of 15 feet or more above grade.
f. An area used for commercial or industrial parking, loading or servicing shall be screened from view from any adjoining residential zoning district or lot used for residential purposes by a wall, fence or planting of adequate height to screen the parking, loading or servicing area.
g. A parking lot for a multi-family dwelling that contains 10 or more spaces shall be screened from view from any adjoining residential zoning district or lot used for residential purposes by a wall, fence or planting of adequate height to screen the parking lot. (Ord. 09-12(A), §3, 2009).
21.55.030 Parking in setback areas. Off-street parking required by this chapter may be located in a setback area, subject to the following requirements:
a. There shall be sufficient maneuvering space for a vehicle to enter and exit the parking lot without interfering with the normal flow of traffic.
b. The parking lot design may not permit vehicles to back onto an arterial, and may permit vehicles to back onto any other street only through an authorized driveway or curb cut. (Ord. 09-12(A), §3, 2009).
21.55.040 Construction standards. All off-street parking required under this chapter shall be constructed in accordance with the standards in this section.
a. The entire parking lot, including parking stalls, aisles and other areas used for vehicular circulation shall be permanently surfaced with a suitable gravel base or paved with concrete or asphalt compound.
b. The surface of a parking lot shall be graded to drain properly. Except where the city engineer approves a greater slope, the surface of a parking stall shall have a longitudinal slope not exceeding three percent and a transverse slope not exceeding five percent, and the surface slope of an aisle shall not exceed five percent in any direction.
c. A parking lot shall contain directional, traffic control and other signage where the city planner determines it to be necessary to inform members of the public using the parking lot. (Ord. 09-12(A), §3, 2009).
21.55.050 Location of parking areas. All off-street parking required under this chapter shall be located in accordance with this section.
a. Off-street parking for a single-family, duplex or multi-family dwelling shall be located on the same lot as the dwelling.
b. Off-street parking required for a use other than a single-family, duplex or multi-family dwelling shall be located within 1,500 feet of that use, measured from the lot where the use is located to the lot where the parking is located, along the shortest distance on public or private rights-of-way that are improved and will be maintained to provide lawful pedestrian access between the lots. Off-street parking that is not located on the same lot as the use for which it is required shall meet the standards for off-site parking in HCC 21.55.060. (Ord. 09-12(A), §3, 2009).
21.55.060 Off-site parking. a. Off-site parking may be used to satisfy the off-street parking requirements in this chapter only where permitted under HCC 21.55.050, and only to the extent that space for required off-street parking is not available on the same lot as the use for which the off-street parking is required.
b. Off-site parking must be located in a zoning district where it is a permitted use.
c. A sign not exceeding nine square feet in area advising customers of the location of the off-site parking shall be posted prominently on each building that uses off-site parking to meet off-street parking requirements for customers. In addition, a sign of similar size, set back a minimum of ten feet from the right-of-way, shall be posted at the lot containing the off-site parking, identifying it as parking for customers of the particular business. The signs shall comply with the visibility clearance standards in HCC 21.73.200.
d. Unless the off-site parking lot and the lot containing the use served by the off-site parking are owned in fee simple by the same person, the off-street parking lot shall meet one of the following requirements:
1. A writing executed by the owners of the off-site parking lot for the benefit of the owners of the lot containing the use served by the off-site parking shall be recorded in the Homer Recording District containing substantially the following statement:
In accordance with the requirements of Homer City Code Chapter 21.55, the ____ parking spaces on the property identified and described in this instrument as the Parking Parcel have been designated as off-street parking for the benefit of the property identified and described in this instrument as the Benefited Property.
The Parking Parcel cannot be used in any manner that interferes with its use as off-site parking for the Benefited Parcel, unless this restriction is removed upon written approval of the city planner after determining that other sufficient off-street parking has been provided for the benefit of the Benefited Property.
The recorded instrument shall include legal descriptions of the Benefited Property and the Parking Parcel, and provide for the continued availability on the Parking Parcel of the specified number of off-street parking spaces, the permitted users of the parking spaces, the times of day that parking spaces are reserved for those users, the parking lot layout, responsibility for maintenance, cleaning and lighting, the term of the agreement, options for renewal, provisions for termination, and dispute resolution. Upon submission of satisfactory evidence either that other off-street parking spaces meeting the requirements of this chapter have been provided or that the building or use has been removed or altered in use so as to no longer require the off-site parking, the city planner may give written approval to remove the restriction from the Parking Parcel. A copy of the written approval shall be made available to the owner of the Parking Parcel for the purpose of recordation.
2. The off-site parking shall be reserved and designated for that purpose by the city in a city-owned parking lot. (Ord. 09-12(A), §3, 2009).
21.55.070 Joint use of off-street parking. The city planner may permit the joint use of off-street parking to meet off-street parking requirements for more than one use subject to the following requirements:
a. The uses relying on the off-street parking will not require the off-street parking during the same hours.
b. Unless the off-street parking lot and all lots containing the uses served by the off-site parking are owned in fee simple by the same person, the off-street parking lot shall comply with the requirements of HCC 21.55.060(d)(1).
c. If the off-street parking is off-site parking with respect to a use that it serves, the off-street parking shall comply with the requirements of HCC 21.55.050 and 21.55.060 with respect to each such use. (Ord. 09-12(A), §3, 2009).
21.55.080 Use of required off-street parking spaces. All required off-street parking spaces shall be used only for parking of operable vehicles of the residents, customers or employees of the related use. Required off-street parking spaces shall not be used for storage of boats, abandoned or inoperable vehicles, dumpsters or other objects. (Ord. 09-12(A), §3, 2009).
21.55.090 Required number of off-street parking spaces. a. The number of off-street parking spaces required in this section shall be provided for every building erected, altered by adding or creating dwelling units, guest rooms, bedrooms, floor area, seats or employees, or in which a new use is established, after August 9, 1988:
|Use||Parking Spaces Required|
Two per dwelling unit, or one per efficiency or one-bedroom dwelling
|2. Bed and Breakfast.||Two, plus one per two guest rooms.|
|3. Rooming house.||One per two guest rooms for the first five guest rooms, plus one per each guest room in excess of five.|
|4. Dormitory.||One per two beds.|
|5. Hotel, motel.||One per guest room.|
6. Restaurant, club, lounge, tavern or
|One per three indoor seats. If there is no fixed seating, one per 100 square feet. One per 10 seats of seasonal outdoor seating.|
|7. Drive thru espresso stands, mobile food vendors and other establishments that sell food and beverages prepared to order for consumption off the premises.||One employee parking space and three spaces not within a sidewalk or the traveled portion of a right-of-way for queuing motorists.|
|8. Retail stores, furniture and appliance stores, hardware stores, food stores, markets, shopping centers, household equipment, service shops, clothing, shoe repair or personal service shops.||
One per three hundred square feet of gross floor area, but not less than two.
|9. Banks, business, professional governmental offices and medical and dental clinics.||
One per three hundred square feet of gross floor area.
|10. Warehouses and storage buildings.||One per three thousand square feet of gross floor area.|
|11. Churches, mortuaries, funeral homes.||One per five seats.|
|12. Manufacturers and processors.||One per thousand square feet of gross floor area.|
13. Rest homes, convalescent homes, nursing homes, assisted living or similar uses.
|One per three beds plus 2 per dwelling unit of an onsite caregiver.|
|14. Bowling alley.||Two per bowling lane.|
|15. Service station, motor vehicle maintenance and repair shop, public garage.||One per stall, plus one per employee. All vehicles in the custody of the operator of the business for service, repair, storage, sale or other purposes shall be stored on the premises or in a separate vehicle parking lot and shall not be parked on a public right-of-way.|
Senior High: One per employee plus one per ten students based on maximum classroom capacity.
Elementary School and Junior High: One per employee plus ten for visitor parking.
|17. Day-care facility.||One per three hundred square feet of gross floor area, but not less than two.|
|18. Auditoriums (including school auditoriums), theaters, exhibition halls, stadiums, sports arenas and other places of public assembly.||One per five seats and one per hundred square feet of floor area used for assembly and not containing fixed seats.|
|19. Parks.||As determined by the commission based on anticipated usage.|
|20. Mixed uses.||See subsection (c) of this section.|
|21. Skating rinks.||One per two hundred fifty feet of gross floor area.|
|22. Taxi operations, excluding water taxi operations.||One per vehicle in the taxi fleet plus one per two employees.|
|23. Impound yards:||One per employee plus two for customer parking.|
b. The city planner shall determine the number of off-street parking spaces that is required for a use not identified in subsection (a) of this section.
c. If more than one use is present on a lot, the number of required off-street parking spaces shall be equal to 75% of the sum of the number of required off-street parking spaces for each use computed separately, unless the commission approves a lesser number.
d. When the number of required parking spaces for a use is based upon seating capacity, each chair and each twenty-four inches of pew, bench or similar seating space shall be counted as one seat. When the number of required parking spaces for a use is based on the number of employees, the number shall be determined using the shift during which the greatest number of employees is present during peak season. (Ord. 09-12(A), §3, 2009).
21.55.100 Homer Spit parking requirements. a. This section applies only to the Homer Spit, and is intended to accommodate the large seasonal and daily fluctuations in demand for parking among a variety of uses concentrated on a land formation with limited surface area. The remainder of this chapter applies to off-street parking on the Homer Spit except as this section provides otherwise. Where a provision of this section conflicts with another provision of this chapter, the provision of this section shall govern.
b. HCC 21.55.050 and 21.55.090 do not apply on the Homer Spit.
c. The number of off-street parking spaces required for a dwelling is determined in the manner provided in HCC 21.55.090(a). Off-site parking is permitted for a dwelling only where the city planner determines that locating the parking spaces on the same lot as the dwelling is not feasible because of limited land area or unique location. Off-site parking for a dwelling is subject to the requirements of HCC 21.55.060(a), (b) and (e).
d. Parking for year-round permanent employees, up to a maximum of five spaces, shall be provided on the same lot for each non-residential use. Off-site parking shall be used to provide any additional parking spaces that are required for year-round permanent employees. The requirement for on-site parking for employees may be reduced only where the city planner determines that locating the parking spaces on the same lot as the use they serve is not feasible because of limited land area or unique location. Off-site parking for a non-residential use is subject to the requirements of HCC 21.55.060(a) through (c) and (e), and HCC 21.55.070.
e. Required off-street parking may be located off-site in a City-owned multiple use parking area if the city planner determines the parking area will adequately serve the use. To determine the feasibility the City Planner will consider the following factors in relation to the use to be served:
1. Proximity of the off-site parking facility;
2. Ease of pedestrian access to the off-site parking facility;
3. The type of uses the off-site parking facility is intended to serve;
4. Whether the off-site parking will be used by employees, retail customers, all day charter customers, or other groups; and
5. Whether the off-site parking facility contains sufficient available parking spaces to accommodate the parking that the use typically requires. (Ord. 09-12(A), §3, 2009).
21.55.110 Town Center parking requirements. The number of off-street parking spaces required for a use in the Town Center zoning district shall be 80% of the number of spaces required for that use in HCC 21.55.090(a). Except as provided in the preceding sentence, the provisions of this chapter apply in the Town Center zoning district. (Ord. 09-12(A), §3, 2009).
21.55.120 Loading areas—Required. a. Each lot containing a building or use that receives or makes deliveries shall contain off-street facilities for the loading and unloading of delivery vehicles that meet the requirements of this section.
b. Each loading area shall be situated and of sufficient size to permit loading and unloading without interference with or projection into any public right-of-way or parking area, except as provided in subsection (c) of this section. Each loading area shall be provided with convenient access to a public right-of-way. The access may be located in a required yard or setback, but this does not permit the location of a structure in a required setback.
c. No loading or unloading may be conducted in a required off-street parking area for more than four hours in any period of 24 hours. (Ord. 09-12(A), §3, 2009)